Semi-Dwarf Jonathan Apple
Status: In stock
- Mature Plant Size (H x W): 12-15' x 12-15'
- Bloom Season: Spring
- Attracts Bees
- Attracts Birds
- Edible to People
- Attracts Butterflies
- Attracts Pollinators
Planting & Care for Edible Plants - Semi-Dwarf Jonathan Apple Trees
- These trees should be planted with other varieties to secure pollination. Good pollinators for Red Jonathan are Golden Delicious, Red Delicious, and Granny Smith.
- Apple trees need well-drained soil that's not too wet. They like soils that are moderately rich and retain moisture as well as air. Use mulch combined with straw, hay, or some other organic material to keep soil moist and provide nutrients as they decompose.
- Be sure to choose a sunny site. For best fruiting, a Semi-Dwarf Jonathan Apple Trees need “full sunlight” (6-8 hours of direct summer sun daily). The best exposure for apples is a north or east-facing areas.
- Spring planting is recommended in central and northern areas. Where fall and winter weather is generally mild and moist, fall planting is successful.
- Proper spacing for each size tree is important. Semi dwarf - 12-15' of space, dwarf - 8-10' spacing, and standard apple trees 30-35' of space.
- Dwarf varieties will need some type of support to grow.
Opening Plant Material
- Bare Root - Cut open the bundle (top and roots are tied) and separate all the plants. Soak roots in buckets of water until planted (soak for at least 24 hours). Each plant type will be labeled separately for identification. Do not expose the roots to sun. They should never dry out. Keep roots covered. All bare-root plants must be trimmed when planted.
- Be aware that when you receive your plant it's in a state of dormancy and will look very bare, this is normal.
Planting Bare Root
- Dig a hole at least 6"" wider and the same depth as the root mass. The crown or graft of the plant should be slightly higher than ground level where it was grown at the nursery.
- Trim off the broken roots and branches.
- Do not use any fertilizer packets as this many “burn” your plant.
- Spread the roots and fill halfway with soil, then water until soil settles completely saturating the soil and planting pit.
- Re-adjust plant and fill the hole with the rest of the soil.
- Back-fill the balance of the soil and water well.
Pruning - After planting (young tree)
- Be sure not to heavily prune your plant too soon. Follow the instruction below for how to prune right away.
- Prune and remove any broken or damaged branches or roots from shipment.
- Remove branches that may be too low. This will also help promote faster top growth.
- Additional pruning to help in transplanting can be achieved by selectively removing branches that are too close or otherwise might not be proportionate with the rest of the tree.
- All pruning should be done with a sharp pruning shears.
Pruning - Through-out the Season (mature tree)
- You'll know when your tree is mature when it starts bearing fruit.
- Prune your mature tree when it is dormant. Completely cut away overly vigorous, upright stems. These are commonly higher up in the tree.
- Remove weak twigs (which often hang from the undersides of limbs).
- Shorten stems that become too droopy, especially those low in the tree.
- After about ten years, fruiting spurs (stubby branches that elongate only about a half-inch per year) become overcrowded and decrepit. Cut away some of them and shorten others.
- When a whole limb of fruiting spurs declines with age, cut it back to make room for a younger replacement.
- Thin out excess fruit is important for the health of your crop and fruit tree.
- Soon after fruit-set, remove the smallest fruits or damaged ones, leaving four inches between those that remain.
- Dwarfs and semi-dwarfs will bear in 3 to 4 years, yielding 1 to 2 bushels per year. Standard-size trees will bear in 5 to 8 years, yielding 4 to 5 bushels of apples per year.
- Pluck your apples when their background color is no longer green.
- Different apple varieties mature at different times, so the harvest season can stretch from August to October.
- You'll know to harvest when the stem of your apple should part readily from the branch when the fruit is cupped in the palm of your hand and given a slight twist around.
- If the apple is overripe and soft, use it for cooking!
- Apples keep well for about six months at temperatures between 32 and 45 degrees Fahrenheit.
Watering - After Planting
- Plants typically take approximately 6 weeks to establish new roots in your soil. During this period, water plants as often as every 2-4 days at the start and at least a minimum of once per week. Beyond the 6 week establishment period, water once per week, unless rains occur.
- Stick your finger into the soil around 3" to check soil moisture.
Watering - Through-out the Season
- After the first season, plants should only be watered during extended periods without rain.
- How do you know if your plants need water? The easiest way to tell is to touch the soil around the roots. If it is moist, there is no need to water. If it is dry, give it a good soaking with the hose end (no nozzle) watering the soil only, not the leaves.
- Stick your finger into the soil around 3" to check soil moisture.
Planting & Handling Help
Download our Planting and Handling Guide below to plan for a successful arrival and install of your plants. Be sure to water all plants as soon as they arrive and every day until you’re ready to plant. Keep any bare root bundles in a shady, cool spot with the roots covered at all times.
Watch our videos on handling bare root plants, how your order is prepared for shipment and more.
What is the difference between Containers, Grow Bags, Bare Root, and Balled & Burlap (B&B)?
Our FedEx and local shipping times depend on two factors, one is by the region and the second is the type of product being shipped. For example, small fruits are only shipped in spring, but majority of our perennials are shipped from spring until fall. Keep in mind the dates below act as a general guide. Due to unpredictable weather, staffing, inventory and industry demands these timelines can change. Therefore, we cannot guarantee any of these times.
Shipping Dates by Region*
Northern Cold Region: April 22nd - November 7th
Northern Region: April 15th - November 7th
Middle Region: April 1st - November 7th
Southern Region: March 15th - November 7th
Local Delivery (small radius from Waterloo, WI): April 22nd - November 7th
Shipping Dates by Season*
Spring Shipping: Region Start Date (above) - May
Fall Shipping: September - November
Due to unpredictable weather, these times may vary. Some varieties are exceptions due to heat and plant health reasons. Enter your shipping zip code at the top of this page and be sure to check the shipping information on each product before you add it to your cart. If the product is too large or restricted in your state, you will not be able to checkout with that item in your cart.