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Tsuga canadensis

Status: In stock

Product ID#: hemlo
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Product Description
Sun Exposure Sun, Part Sun/Shade, Shade
Soil Conditions Normal, Sandy
Fruit Color Cones
Mature Plant Size (H x W) 35-50' x 25-35'
Canadian Hemlock trees are evergreens that are great for planting in shady places, but they do need protection from the wind. It likes the east side of a building and plenty of moisture, prefers acidic soil. A graceful tree with loose, open growth, slender and drooping branches, can be sheared. Very fussy when transplanting. Be sure to maintain good moisture by mulching plants and water during periods of drought. When planted close together, the Canadian Hemlock produces a hedge creating some much enjoyed privacy. 
  • sunshade Sun, Part Sun/Shade, Shade
  • Mature Plant Size (H x W) Mature Plant Size (H x W): 35-50' x 25-35'
Key features
  • Attracts Birds
  • Native
  • Winter Interest
  • Walnut Toxicity Resistant
Planting Care

Planting & Care for Canadian Hemlock Trees (Tsuga Canadensis)

Preparation
  • Canadian Hemlock trees are evergreens that are great for planting in shady places, but they do need protection from the wind.
  • It likes the east side of a building and plenty of moisture, prefers acidic soil.
  • A graceful tree with loose, open growth, slender and drooping branches.
  • Hemlock can be sheared.
  • Very fussy when transplanting.
  • Be sure to maintain good moisture by mulching plants and water during periods of drought.
  • This tree grows to be around 40' tall x 30' wide.
  • This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year.
  • Works well for screening, groupings and foundation plantings.
  • Eastern hemlock trees provide excellent cover for deer and songbirds. Nesting site for several warblers. Seeds are eaten by juncos, chickadees, and siskins.
Opening Plant Material
  • Grow Bags - Remove bag by using a utility knife to slit up the side and peel off the fabric exposing the soil and roots. Plant the root ball just like you would a container plant. No trimming of roots is necessary for grow bags.
  • B&B - Soak root ball very well. Dig a hole at least 6" wider and no deeper than the size of the ball on the plant. Rotate the plant to the proper position. Never lift or move trees by the tops.
Planting Grow Bags
  • Plant grow bags in spring or fall.
  • Notice where the base of the trunk flairs out from the tree. This is called the root flair. This root flair should show when the tree is planted. If necessary, add soil under the ball so the root flair is exposed.
  • Place fertilizer packets into the bottom of the hole (if purchased). *Use Our Recommended Fertilizer.
  • Backfill the hole with soil, making sure the top of the root ball is visible and slightly higher than the soil around it.
  • Firm the soil around the plant. Water well to settle soil around the root ball.
Planting B&B trees
  • Plant B&B trees in spring or fall. A good indicator if you can still plant is if the ground is still workable you’re good to go. If a hard frost is expected be sure to hold off on planting.
  • Notice where the base of the trunk flairs out from the tree. This is called the root flair. This root flair should show when the tree is planted. If necessary, add soil under the ball so the root flair is exposed.
  • Place fertilizer packets into the bottom of the hole (if purchased). *Use Our Recommended Fertilizer
  • Backfill ½ of the hole with soil and completely saturate the soil with water.
  • Once the tree is straight and located as desired, cut and remove twine. Then, remove or bend back top ? of metal basket. Lastly, remove exposed burlap from top of ball
  • Fill the hole to the top of the ball with soil, then soak well with water and let settle.
  • The top of the root ball should be visible and slightly higher than the soil around it.
  • Add mulch on top of soil making sure to not put mulch against the trunk or stems.
Pruning - After Planting
  • Although it is not essential for B&B or grow bags to be pruned after planting, a light pruning for shape, to remove any broken branches from shipping, or to thin out a heavily branched plant will help in the transplanting process and in the appearance of your new planting.
Pruning - Through-out the Season
  • If you find that you need to prune your hemlock tree, the best time for trimming hemlocks is in either spring or early summer.
  • Clean and sharp pruning tools will help to prevent disease. The next step in trimming hemlock branches is to select which branches need to be removed. Select the branches before you start trimming so that you do not over prune the tree accidentally. Then make your pruning cuts just above the needle whorls.
Watering - After Planting
  • Plants typically take approximately 6 weeks to establish new roots in your soil. During this period, water plants as often as every 2-4 days at the start and at least a minimum of once per week.
  • Beyond the 6 week establishment period, water once per week, unless rains occur.
  • Stick your finger into the soil around 3” to check soil moisture.
Watering - Through-out the Season
  • After the first season, plants should only be watered during extended periods without rain.
  • How do you know if your plants need water? The easiest way to tell is to touch the soil around the roots. If it is moist, there is no need to water. If it is dry, give it a good soaking with the hose end (no nozzle) watering the soil only, not the leaves.
  • Stick your finger into the soil around 3” to check soil moisture.

Planting & Handling Help

Download our Planting and Handling Guide below to plan for a successful arrival and install of your plants. Be sure to water all plants as soon as they arrive and every day until you’re ready to plant. Keep any bare root bundles in a shady, cool spot with the roots covered at all times.

Learn More

Watch our videos on handling bare root plants, how your order is prepared for shipment and more.

Plant Sizing

What is the difference between Containers, Grow Bags, Bare Root, and Balled & Burlap (B&B)?

Shipping Times

Our FedEx and local shipping times depend on two factors, one is by the region and the second is the type of product being shipped. For example, small fruits are only shipped in spring, but majority of our perennials are shipped from spring until fall. Keep in mind the dates below act as a general guide. Due to unpredictable weather, staffing, inventory and industry demands these timelines can change. Therefore, we cannot guarantee any of these times.

 

Shipping Dates by Region*

 

Northern Cold Region: April 22nd - November 7th

Northern Region: April 15th - November 7th

Middle Region: April 1st - November 7th

Southern Region: March 15th - November 7th

Local Delivery (small radius from Waterloo, WI): April 22nd - November 7th

 

Shipping Dates by Season*

 

Spring Shipping: Region Start Date (above) - May

Fall Shipping: September - November

 

Due to unpredictable weather, these times may vary. Some varieties are exceptions due to heat and plant health reasons. Enter your shipping zip code at the top of this page and be sure to check the shipping information on each product before you add it to your cart. If the product is too large or restricted in your state, you will not be able to checkout with that item in your cart.