Toka

Product Code: ptoka

Plum 'Toka' (Prunus)
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Details

The Toka Plum is a cross between the American Plum and the fragrant Apricot of China. The fruit that's produced is medium-sized and an apricot color. It makes for an excellent pollinator for other plum varieties. Blooms in May. This is a clingstone standard plum meaning they have flesh that clings to the stone. When the fruit is cut in half, it is very difficult to separate the two halves because the flesh is stuck in the pit. Mature growth is around 15-20' tall and wide.

Planting & Care for Edible Plants – Plums

Preparation

  • Even though plum trees don’t need fertilizer when planted. Once they’re established, fruit production requires regular fertilizing all year long.
  • Most plum trees need cross-pollination to produce fruit. Make sure you plant more than one variety when planting.
  • There are three categories of plum trees: European, Japanese, and American Hybrids. European - work in most regions across the U.S. Japanese - flourish where peach trees flourish. Lastly, American hybrids that work well in regions where neither European nor Japanese types flourish.
  • Plant plum trees in well-drained, moderately fertile soil in full sun. Avoid planting in low areas where frost may settle, this will damage your trees.

Opening Plant Material

  • Bare Root - Cut open the bundle (top and roots are tied) and separate all the plants. Soak roots in buckets of water until planted. Each plant type will be labeled separately for identification. Do not expose the roots to sun. They should never dry out. Keep roots covered. All bare-root plants must be trimmed when planted. 
  • Containers - Completely saturate all container plants by putting in a larger container of water until stops bubbling, remove. Now ready to plant. Dig a hole no deeper than the depth of the container and 6" or more, making sure it’s wider on the sides.

Planting Bare Root

  • Plant Bare root in fall. A good indicator if you can still plant is if the ground is still workable you’re good to go. If a hard frost is expected be sure to hold off on planting.
  • Dig a hole at least 6" wider and the same depth as the root mass. The crown or graft of the plant should be slightly higher than ground level where it was grown at the nursery.
  • Trim off the broken roots and branches.
  • Spread the roots and fill halfway with soil, then water until soil settles completely saturating the soil and planting pit.
  • Re-adjust plant and fill the hole with the rest of the soil.
  • Back fill the balance of the soil and water well. 
  • See our link below “Handling & Planting Guidelines” for illustrations on planting.   

Planting containers

  • Slide plant from pot by tapping on the bottom of the pot.
  • With shovel or knife trim bottom 2" off of the root ball for plants in plastic containers.
  • Rotate the plant to the proper position. Never lift or move plants by the tops.
  • Place the root ball in the hole.
  • Notice where the base of the trunk flairs out from the tree. This is called the root flair. This root flair should show when the tree is planted. If necessary, add soil under the ball so the root flair is exposed.
  • Backfill the hole with soil, making sure the top of the root ball is visible and slightly higher than the soil around it.
  • Firm the soil around the plant. Water well to settle soil around the root ball.

Pruning – After Planting

  • Bare Root - Prune ALL bare root plants to reduce transplant shock and ensure success. Pruning should occur either before or as soon after planting as possible. All pruning should be done with a sharp pruning shears.
  • Containers - Although it is not essential for containers to be pruned after planting, a light pruning for shape, to remove any broken branches from shipping, or to thin out a heavily branched plant will help in the transplanting process and in the appearance of your new planting.

Pruning - Through-out the Season

  • Thinning plum trees is important to prevent branches breaking under the weight of the trees. If branches do break, prune them back into the undamaged wood, ideally cutting back to a natural fork to avoid leaving stubs.
  • Prune early spring or mid-summer to avoid infection. The best time for pruning is usually spring for young trees and mid-summer for established ones.
  • Do NOT prune in the fall or winter injury or infection may occur.
  • Each of the three different varieties require different pruning, be sure to do your research before pruning your variety.

Harvesting

  • Plums have the best flavor when left to ripen on the tree. You can tell when plums are ripe by applying gentle pressure with your fingers. If the skin of the fruit feels soft, then it is ready to be picked.
  • Plums should come off the tree easily when you’re using only a slight twist.
  • Unfortunately, the fruit does not store for long, so they must be eaten or preserved right away.

Watering - After Planting

  • Plants typically take approximately 6 weeks to establish new roots in your soil. During this period, water plants as often as every 2-4 days at the start and at least a minimum of once per week. Beyond the 6 week establishment period, water once per week, unless rains occur.  
  • Stick your finger into the soil around 3” to check soil moisture.

Watering - Through-out the Season

  • After the first season, plants should only be watered during extended periods without rain.
  • How do you know if your plants need water? The easiest way to tell is to touch the soil around the roots. If it is moist, there is no need to water. If it is dry, give it a good soaking with the hose end (no nozzle) watering the soil only, not the leaves.
  • Stick your finger into the soil around 3” to check soil moisture.

 

Go to our "Plant Features & Video Tab" for more information & tips on caring and maintaining this plant.

Handling & Planting Guidelines

Special Features & Videos for Plums

Special Plant Features & Tips

  • The Toka Plum is a cross between the American Plum and the fragrant Apricot of China.
  • The fruit that's produced is medium-sized and an apricot color.
  • It makes for an excellent pollinator for other plum varieties.
  • Blooms in May.
  • This is a clingstone standard plum meaning they have flesh that clings to the stone. When the fruit is cut in half, it is very difficult to separate the two halves because the flesh is stuck in the pit.
  • Mature growth is around 15-20' tall and wide.
  • Even though plum trees don’t need fertilizer when planted. Once they’re established, fruit production requires regular fertilizing all year long.
  • Most plum trees need cross-pollination to produce fruit. Make sure you plant more than one variety when planting.
  • There are three categories of plum trees: European, Japanese, and American Hybrids. European - work in most regions across the U.S. Japanese - flourish where peach trees flourish. Lastly, American hybrids that work well in regions where neither European nor Japanese types flourish.
  • Plant plum trees in well-drained, moderately fertile soil in full sun. Avoid planting in low areas where frost may settle, this will damage your trees.
  • Thinning plum trees is important to prevent branches breaking under the weight of the trees. If branches do break, prune them back into the undamaged wood, ideally cutting back to a natural fork to avoid leaving stubs.
  • Prune early spring or mid-summer to avoid infection. The best time for pruning is usually spring for young trees and mid-summer for established ones.
  • Do NOT prune in the fall or winter injury or infection may occur.
  • Each of the three different varieties require different pruning, be sure to do your research before pruning your variety.
  • Plums have the best flavor when left to ripen on the tree. You can tell when plums are ripe by applying gentle pressure with your fingers. If the skin of the fruit feels soft, then it is ready to be picked.
  • Plums should come off the tree easily when you’re using only a slight twist.
  • Unfortunately, the fruit does not store for long, so they must be eaten or preserved right away.

How to plant containers

 

Watch our Video on how to plant & care for a bare root plant

 

How do we dig our bare root plants?

 

What does a bare root plant look like?

ItemApprox Weight (lbs.)Approx Base Dimensions (diameter)Approx Height
#7 Grow Bag** 35-50 14-16" 5-8'
#10 Grow Bag** 55-70 18" 6-8'
#15 Grow Bag** 65-80 22" 6-10'
#20 Grow Bag** 75-100 24" 8-12'
1 1/4" B&B** 250-500 22" for single stems, 28" for multiple stems  8-11'
1 1/2" B&B** 325-600 24" for single stems, 30" for multiple stems  10-12'
2" B&B** 500-700 28" for single stems, 32" for multiple stems 10-14'
2 1/2" B&B** 600-1000 30" for single stems, 36" for multiple stems 10-15'
3" B&B** 850-1000 34"-36"  12-16'
3 1/2" B&B** 1000 36"  12-18'
10' B&B** 250 22"  10'
12' B&B** 325 24"  12'
14' B&B** 500 28" 14'
16' B&B** 600 30"  16'
2' B&B** 50 12-16"  2'
3' B&B** 60-250 16-22"  3'
4' B&B** 250 22-24" 4'
5' B&B** 325 22-24"  5'
6' B&B** 150-325 16-24" 6'
7' B&B** 500-700 28-32"  7'
8' B&B** 600-700 14-30"  8'
9' B&B** 700 32"  9'
#3 container* Less than 35  10" 10" 
#5 container** 40 11" 10.5" 
#7 container** 60 14" 12" 
#10 container** 80 14" 14 
#20 container** 160 19.5" 17" 
Bare Root* varies, but always lighter no soil on roots varies depending on item

*#1 - #3 containers and bare root are the only items that can be shipped FedEx and/or by our delivery trucks (see below for more information regarding pick-up and local delivery. 

**Any items over 100 Ibs., #5 - #20 containers or B&B can only be delivered by our trucks due to FedEx shipping weight and size restrictions. Our trusted trucks only deliver around a 100 miles radius from our corporate office in Waterloo, Wisconsin. Any item you order can be picked-up at our corporate office in Waterloo, Wisconsin or our new retail garden center Winterland Nursery for free (bare root orders cannot be picked up at Winterland due to lack of bare root coolers). See our estimated delivery schedule here

Growing Zones: 3-8

Bloom Time: May
Color: Green, Orange, Pink, Red, White, Yellow
Plant Size: 15-20' tall x 15-20' wide
Flower Color: White
Fruit: Apricot
Sunlight: Full Sun
Soil Conditions: Normal
Low Maintenance: No
Deer Resistant: No
Attracts Butterflies: Yes
Attracts Bees: Yes
Attracts Birds: Yes
Edible: Yes

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