Staghorn

Product Code: sstag

Sumac, Staghorn (Rhus typhina)
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Details

Staghorn Sumac is a wide-spreading large shrub developing a flat-topped appearance. The young branches have a fuzzy texture similar to a deer's antlers when in velvet. The dense conical clusters of crimson, hairy fruits on the female plant are most decorative at the end of the year. Vivid orange to red fall color. Will sucker and form a nice colony. Xeriscape plant. Grows to be around 10' tall x 10' wide.

Planting & Care for Deciduous Shrub – Sumac

Preparation

  • Easily grown in average, dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade.
  • Tolerant of a wide range of soils except for soils that are poorly drained.
  • Staghorn Sumac is a wide-spreading large shrub developing a flat-topped appearance.
  • The young branches have a fuzzy texture similar to a deer's antlers when in velvet.
  • The dense conical clusters of crimson, hairy fruits on the female plant are most decorative at the end of the year.
  • Vivid orange to red fall color. Will sucker and form a nice colony.
  • Xeriscape plant.
  • Grows to be around 10' tall x 10' wide.
  • This is treasured for its interesting texture and form in the landscape.

Opening Plant Material

  • Bare Root - Cut open the bundle (top and roots are tied) and separate all the plants. Soak roots in buckets of water until planted. Each plant type will be labeled separately for identification. Do not expose the roots to sun. They should never dry out. Keep roots covered. All bare-root plants must be trimmed when planted. 
  • Containers - Completely saturate all container plants by putting in a larger container of water until stops bubbling, remove. Now ready to plant. Dig a hole no deeper than the depth of the container and 6" or more, making sure it’s wider on the sides.

Planting Bare Root

  • Plant Bare root in fall. A good indicator if you can still plant is if the ground is still workable you’re good to go. If a hard frost is expected be sure to hold off on planting.
  • Dig a hole at least 6" wider and the same depth as the root mass. The crown or graft of the plant should be slightly higher than ground level where it was grown at the nursery.
  • Trim off the broken roots and branches.
  • Place fertilizer packets in hole (if purchased). Do not place other fertilizers in the planting hole. *Use Our Recommended Fertilizer.
  • Spread the roots and fill halfway with soil, then water until soil settles completely saturating the soil and planting pit.
  • Re-adjust plant and fill the hole with the rest of the soil.
  • Back fill the balance of the soil and water well. 
  • See our link below “Handling & Planting Guidelines” for illustrations on planting.   

Planting containers

  • Plant in March, May – November.
  • Slide plant from pot by tapping on the bottom of the pot.
  • With shovel or knife trim bottom 2" off of the root ball for plants in plastic containers.
  • Rotate the plant to the proper position. Never lift or move plants by the tops.
  • Place the root ball in the hole.
  • Notice where the base of the trunk flairs out from the tree. This is called the root flair. This root flair should show when the tree is planted. If necessary, add soil under the ball so the root flair is exposed.
  • Place fertilizer packets into the bottom of the hole (if purchased). *Use Our Recommended Fertilizer.
  • Backfill the hole with soil, making sure the top of the root ball is visible and slightly higher than the soil around it.
  • Firm the soil around the plant. Water well to settle soil around the root ball.

Pruning - After Planting

  • Bare Root - Prune ALL bare root plants to reduce transplant shock and ensure success. Pruning should occur either before or as soon after planting as possible. All pruning should be done with a sharp pruning shears.
  • Containers - Although it is not essential for containers to be pruned after planting, a light pruning for shape, to remove any broken branches from shipping, or to thin out a heavily branched plant will help in the transplanting process and in the appearance of your new planting.

Pruning - Through-out the Season

  • When pruning in late winter or early spring, remove any branches that grow beyond the desired shape and height of the shrub.
  • Use sharp shears and make clean cuts straight across each branch.
  • You can also thin out branches from the center of the shrub for a more open growth habit, if desired.

Watering - After Planting

  • Plants typically take approximately 6 weeks to establish new roots in your soil. During this period, water plants as often as every 2-4 days at the start and at least a minimum of once per week.
  • Beyond the 6 week establishment period, water once per week, unless rains occur.
  • Stick your finger into the soil around 3” to check soil moisture.

Watering - Through-out the Season

  • After the first season, plants should only be watered during extended periods without rain.
  • How do you know if your plants need water? The easiest way to tell is to touch the soil around the roots. If it is moist, there is no need to water. If it is dry, give it a good soaking with the hose end (no nozzle) watering the soil only, not the leaves.
  • Stick your finger into the soil around 3” to check soil moisture.

 

Go to our "Plant Features & Video Tab" for more information & tips on caring and maintaining this plant.

Handling & Planting Guidelines

Special Features & Videos for Staghorn Sumac

Special Plant Features & Tips

  • Staghorn Sumac is a wide-spreading large shrub developing a flat-topped appearance.
  • The young branches have a fuzzy texture similar to a deer's antlers when in velvet.
  • The dense conical clusters of crimson, hairy fruits on the female plant are most decorative at the end of the year.
  • Vivid orange to red fall color. Will sucker and form a nice colony.
  • Xeriscape plant.
  • Grows to be around 10' tall x 10' wide.
  • This is treasured for its interesting texture and form in the landscape.
  • When pruning in late winter or early spring, remove any branches that grow beyond the desired shape and height of the shrub.
  • Use sharp shears and make clean cuts straight across each branch.
  • You can also thin out branches from the center of the shrub for a more open growth habit, if desired.

What is a bare root plant and how do I plant it?

 

 

How to plant containers

 

ItemApprox Weight (lbs.)Approx Base Dimensions (diameter)Approx Height
#7 Grow Bag 35-50 14-16" 5-8'
#10 Grow Bag 55-70 18" 6-8'
#15 Grow Bag 65-80 22" 6-10'
#20 Grow Bag 75-100 24" 8-12'
1 1/4" B&B 250-500 22" for single stems, 28" for multiple stems  8-11'
1 1/2" B&B 325-600 24" for single stems, 30" for multiple stems  10-12'
2" B&B 500-700 28" for single stems, 32" for multiple stems 10-14'
2 1/2" B&B 600-1000 30" for single stems, 36" for multiple stems 10-15'
3" B&B 850-1000 34"-36"  12-16'
3 1/2" B&B 1000 36"  12-18'
10' B&B 250 22"  10'
12' B&B 325 24"  12'
14' B&B 500 28" 14'
16' B&B 600 30"  16'
2' B&B 50 12-16"  2'
3' B&B 60-250 16-22"  3'
4' B&B 250 22-24" 4'
5' B&B 325 22-24"  5'
6' B&B 150-325 16-24" 6'
7' B&B 500-700 28-32"  7'
8' B&B 600-700 14-30"  8'
9' B&B 700 32"  9'
#3 container Less than 35  10" 10" 
#5 container 40 11" 10.5" 
#7 container 60 14" 12" 
#10 container 80 14" 14 
#20 container 160 19.5" 17" 
Bare Root varies, but always lighter no soil on roots varies depending on item

*Any items over 100 Ibs. or that are B&B can only be delivered by our trucks due to FedEx shipping weight restrictions. Our trusted trucks only deliver around a 100 miles radius from our corporate office in Waterloo, Wisconsin. Any item you order can be picked-up at our corporate office in Waterloo, Wisconsin for free. See our estimated delivery schedule here

Growing Zones: 3-8

Bloom Time: June
Color: Green, Orange, Purple, Red
Plant Size: 10' tall x 10' wide
Flower Color: Green
Fall Color: Red, Orange
Fruit: Berry clusters
Sunlight: Full Sun
Soil Conditions: Normal, Sandy, Clay, Acidic, Dry
Low Maintenance: Yes
Deer Resistant: Yes
Attracts Butterflies: No
Attracts Bees: No
Attracts Birds: Yes
Edible: No
Native: Yes

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