Red Delicious Apple Semi-Dwarf

Product Code: adred

Apple Semi-Dwarf 'Red Delicious' (Malus)
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The Red Delicious apple is a late season bloomer that ripens around mid-October. It is an 1895 selection from Iowa. It's famous for its red, or nearly all red apple with a crisp yellow flesh. This apple is excellent for eating and great in salads! It also stores very well! It showcases beautiful white blooms. A great pollinator is the Yellow (Golden) Delicious apple. This tree is a semi-dwarf size. At its maturity it will be around 12-15' tall x 12-15' wide.

Planting & Care for Edible Plants – Apples

Preparation

  • Apple trees need well-drained soil that’s not too wet. They like soils that are moderately rich and retain moisture as well as air. Use mulch combined with straw, hay, or some other organic material to keep soil moist and provide nutrients as they decompose. 
  • Be sure to choose a sunny site. For best fruiting, an apple tree needs “full sunlight,” (6-8 hours of direct summer sun daily). The best exposure for apples is a north or east facing areas.
  • Spring planting is recommended in central and northern areas. Where fall and winter weather is generally mild and moist, fall planting is successful.
  • Proper spacing for each size tree is important. Semi dwarf – 12-15’ of space, dwarf – 8-10’ spacing, and standard apple trees 30-35’ of space.
  • Dwarf varieties will need some type of support to grow.

Opening Plant Material

  • Bare Root - Cut open the bundle (top and roots are tied) and separate all the plants. Soak roots in buckets of water until planted (soak for at least 24 hours). Each plant type will be labeled separately for identification. Do not expose the roots to sun. They should never dry out. Keep roots covered. All bare-root plants must be trimmed when planted. 
  • Be aware that when you receive your plant it’s in a state of dormancy and will look very bare, this is normal.

Planting Bare Root

  • Dig a hole at least 6" wider and the same depth as the root mass. The crown or graft of the plant should be slightly higher than ground level where it was grown at the nursery.
  • Trim off the broken roots and branches.
  • Do not use any fertilizer packets as this many “burn” your plant.
  • Spread the roots and fill halfway with soil, then water until soil settles completely saturating the soil and planting pit.
  • Re-adjust plant and fill the hole with the rest of the soil.
  • Back-fill the balance of the soil and water well.
  • Scroll to the bottom and click on the orange rectangular box “Handling & Plant Guidelines” to see an illustration on planting bare root plants.    

Pruning – After planting (young tree)

  • Be sure not to heavily prune your plant too soon. Follow the instruction below for how to prune right away.
  • Prune and remove any broken or damaged branches or roots from shipment.
  • Remove branches that may be too low. This will also help promote faster top growth.
  • Additional pruning to help in transplanting can be achieved by selectively removing branches that are too close or otherwise might not be proportionate with the rest of the tree.
  • Scroll to the bottom and click on the orange rectangular box “Handling & Plant Guidelines” to see an illustration on planting bare root plants.
  • All pruning should be done with a sharp pruning shears.    

Pruning - Through-out the Season (mature tree)

  • You’ll know when your tree is mature when it starts bearing fruit.
  • Prune your mature tree when it is dormant. Completely cut away overly vigorous, upright stems. These are commonly higher up in the tree.
  • Remove weak twigs (which often hang from the undersides of limbs).
  • Shorten stems that become too droopy, especially those low in the tree.
  • After about ten years, fruiting spurs (stubby branches that elongate only about a half-inch per year) become overcrowded and decrepit. Cut away some of them and shorten others.
  • When a whole limb of fruiting spurs declines with age, cut it back to make room for a younger replacement.
  • Thin out excess fruit is important for the health of your crop and fruit tree.
  • Soon after fruit-set, remove the smallest fruits or damaged ones, leaving four inches between those that remain.

Harvesting

  • Dwarfs and semi-dwarfs will bear in 3 to 4 years, yielding 1 to 2 bushels per year. Standard-size trees will bear in 5 to 8 years, yielding 4 to 5 bushels of apples per year.
  • Pluck your apples when their background color is no longer green.
  • Different apple varieties mature at different times, so the harvest season can stretch from August to October.
  • You’ll know to harvest when the stem of your apple should part readily from the branch when the fruit is cupped in the palm of your hand and given a slight twist around.
  • If the apple is overripe and soft, use for cooking!
  • Apples keep well for about six months at temperatures between 32 and 45 degrees Fahrenheit.

Watering - After Planting

  • Plants typically take approximately 6 weeks to establish new roots in your soil. During this period, water plants as often as every 2-4 days at the start and at least a minimum of once per week. Beyond the 6 week establishment period, water once per week, unless rains occur.  
  • Stick your finger into the soil around 3” to check soil moisture.

Watering - Through-out the Season

  • After the first season, plants should only be watered during extended periods without rain.
  • How do you know if your plants need water? The easiest way to tell is to touch the soil around the roots. If it is moist, there is no need to water. If it is dry, give it a good soaking with the hose end (no nozzle) watering the soil only, not the leaves.
  • Stick your finger into the soil around 3” to check soil moisture.

 

Go to our "Plant Features & Video Tab" for more information & tips on caring and maintaining this plant.

Handling & Planting Guidelines

Special Features & Videos for Apple Trees

Special Plant Features & Tips

  • The Red Delicious apple is a late season bloomer that ripens around mid-October.
  • It is an 1895 selection from Iowa.
  • It's famous for its red, or nearly all red apple with a crisp yellow flesh.
  • This apple is excellent for eating and great in salads!
  • It also stores very well!
  • It showcases beautiful white blooms.
  • A great pollinator is the Yellow (Golden) Delicious apple.
  • This tree is a semi-dwarf size.
  • At its maturity it will be around 12-15' tall x 12-15' wide.
  • Apple trees need well-drained soil that’s not too wet. They like soils that are moderately rich and retain moisture as well as air. Use mulch combined with straw, hay, or some other organic material to keep soil moist and provide nutrients as they decompose. 
  • Be sure to choose a sunny site. For best fruiting, an apple tree needs “full sunlight,” (6-8 hours of direct summer sun daily). The best exposure for apples is a north or east facing areas.
  • Spring planting is recommended in central and northern areas. Where fall and winter weather is generally mild and moist, fall planting is successful.
  • Proper spacing for each size tree is important. Semi dwarf – 12-15’ of space, dwarf – 8-10’ spacing, and standard apple trees 30-35’ of space.
  • Dwarf varieties will need some type of support to grow. 

How do we dig our bare root plants?

 

What does a bare root plant look like?

 

How & When to Prune Trees

ItemApprox Weight (lbs.)Approx Base Dimensions (diameter)Approx Height
#7 Grow Bag** 35-50 14-16" 5-8'
#10 Grow Bag** 55-70 18" 6-8'
#15 Grow Bag** 65-80 22" 6-10'
#20 Grow Bag** 75-100 24" 8-12'
1 1/4" B&B** 250-500 22" for single stems, 28" for multiple stems  8-11'
1 1/2" B&B** 325-600 24" for single stems, 30" for multiple stems  10-12'
2" B&B** 500-700 28" for single stems, 32" for multiple stems 10-14'
2 1/2" B&B** 600-1000 30" for single stems, 36" for multiple stems 10-15'
3" B&B** 850-1000 34"-36"  12-16'
3 1/2" B&B** 1000 36"  12-18'
10' B&B** 250 22"  10'
12' B&B** 325 24"  12'
14' B&B** 500 28" 14'
16' B&B** 600 30"  16'
2' B&B** 50 12-16"  2'
3' B&B** 60-250 16-22"  3'
4' B&B** 250 22-24" 4'
5' B&B** 325 22-24"  5'
6' B&B** 150-325 16-24" 6'
7' B&B** 500-700 28-32"  7'
8' B&B** 600-700 14-30"  8'
9' B&B** 700 32"  9'
#3 container* Less than 35  10" 10" 
#5 container** 40 11" 10.5" 
#7 container** 60 14" 12" 
#10 container** 80 14" 14 
#20 container** 160 19.5" 17" 
Bare Root* varies, but always lighter no soil on roots varies depending on item

*#1 - #3 containers and bare root are the only items that can be shipped FedEx and/or by our delivery trucks (see below for more information regarding pick-up and local delivery. 

**Any items over 100 Ibs., #5 - #20 containers or B&B can only be delivered by our trucks due to FedEx shipping weight and size restrictions. Our trusted trucks only deliver around a 100 miles radius from our corporate office in Waterloo, Wisconsin. Any item you order can be picked-up at our corporate office in Waterloo, Wisconsin or our new retail garden center Winterland Nursery for free (bare root orders cannot be picked up at Winterland due to lack of bare root coolers). See our estimated delivery schedule here

Growing Zones: 5-8

Bloom Time: April
Color: Green, Red, White, Yellow
Plant Size: 12-15' tall x 12-15' wide
Flower Color: White
Fruit: Red (yellow center)
Sunlight: Full Sun
Soil Conditions: Normal, Sandy, Clay, Acidic, Dry
Low Maintenance: No
Deer Resistant: No
Attracts Butterflies: No
Attracts Bees: Yes
Attracts Birds: No
Edible: Yes
Native: No

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