Sugar maple, Acer saccharum, trees are known as the grandfather in the maple syrup production world. The sap on Sugar maples have a high sugar content, hence the name. They are typically grown in the masses on plantations by business growers. The ascending branches of this broad, columnar tree are densely clothed with large, five-lobed leaves that turn yellow and orange in autumn. Performs best where summers are warm and winters are cold, such as in northern Europe and the midwest. They have slow growth, but can reach up to 70 feet high. They are long-living and do best in full sun and zone 3.