Firespire

Product Code: hfire

Hornbeam Firespireā„¢ ('J.N. Upright') (Carpinus caroliniana)
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Details

The Firespire is a fine new selection of our native American Hornbeam. Developed in southeastern Wisconsin by Mike Yanny of Johnson Nursery this compact tree is a great addition to the small landscape tree class. Firespire is a controlled upright plant that only gets 20' tall and 10' wide. It has excellent orange-red fall color are it's a highlight of this dynamite plant. This plant will take sun or shade and beautiful as either a single stem tree or a clump form ornamental shrub. Useful as a small shade tree or for massing and screening in the landscape. It has an interesting sinewy bark structure lends one of it's common names (musclewood) and contributes to the multi-seasonal interest of this tree. It's an excellent native to add to your garden. It grows best if planted in zones 3-9.

Planting & Care for Trees - Hornbeams

Preparation

  • A lovely shade tree suitable for most settings, American hornbeams are compact trees that fit the scale of the average home landscape perfectly.
  • Hornbeams, also known as ironwood and musclewood, get their common names from their strong wood, which rarely cracks or splits. In fact, early pioneers found these trees ideal for making mallets and other tools as well as bowls and dishes. 
  • They grow in sun or shade and prefer organically rich soil.

Opening Plant Material

  • Grow Bags - Remove bag by using a utility knife to slit up the side and peel off the fabric exposing the soil and roots. Plant the root ball just like you would a container plant. No trimming of roots is necessary for grow bags.
  • Each type of plant has an illustration on how to plant if you scroll down and click on the orange rectangular box “Handling & Plant Guidelines”.

Planting Grow Bags

  • Plant grow bags in spring or fall.
  • Notice where the base of the trunk flairs out from the tree. This is called the root flair. This root flair should show when the tree is planted. If necessary, add soil under the ball so the root flair is exposed.
  • Place fertilizer packets into the bottom of the hole (if purchased). *Use Our Recommended Fertilizer.
  • Backfill the hole with soil, making sure the top of the root ball is visible and slightly higher than the soil around it.
  • Firm the soil around the plant. Water well to settle soil around the root ball.

Pruning - After Planting

  • Grow Bags - Although it is not essential for grow bags to be pruned after planting, a light pruning for shape, to remove any broken branches from shipping, or to thin out a heavily branched plant will help in the transplanting process and in the appearance of your new planting.

Pruning - Through-out the Season

  • Hornbeam pruning depends on your needs. The tree requires very little pruning for good health.
  • The branches are very strong and seldom require repair. You can trim the branches up the trunk to make room for landscape maintenance if you’d like.
  • The lower branches are best left intact if you have children who will enjoy climbing the tree.

Watering - After Planting

  • Plants typically take approximately 6 weeks to establish new roots in your soil. During this period, water plants as often as every 2-4 days at the start and at least a minimum of once per week.
  • Beyond the 6 week establishment period, water once per week, unless rains occur.
  • Stick your finger into the soil around 3” to check soil moisture.

Watering - Through-out the Season

  • After the first season, plants should only be watered during extended periods without rain.
  • How do you know if your plants need water? The easiest way to tell is to touch the soil around the roots. If it is moist, there is no need to water. If it is dry, give it a good soaking with the hose end (no nozzle) watering the soil only, not the leaves.
  • Stick your finger into the soil around 3” to check soil moisture.

 

Go to our "Plant Features & Video Tab" for more information & tips on caring and maintaining this plant.

 

Handling & Planting Guidelines

Special Features & Videos on HornbeamTrees

Special Plant Features & Tips

  • The American Hornbeam is a slow growing, small tree that has a 'muscular' twist in the trunk.
  • It has an irregular, wide spreading form that makes it a unique tree for the landscape.
  • It has dark green leaves that change to yellow, orange and scarlet in fall.
  • The smooth, slate gray bark adds winter interest.
  • It will grow in heavy shade and wet soils.
  • Mature size is around 20-30' tall x 20-30' wide.
  • Hardiness zone 3.  
  • A lovely shade tree suitable for most settings, American hornbeams are compact trees that fit the scale of the average home landscape perfectly.
  • Hornbeams, also known as ironwood and musclewood, get their common names from their strong wood, which rarely cracks or splits. In fact, early pioneers found these trees ideal for making mallets and other tools as well as bowls and dishes. 
  • They grow in sun or shade and prefer organically rich soil.
  • Hornbeam pruning depends on your needs. The tree requires very little pruning for good health.
  • The branches are very strong and seldom require repair. You can trim the branches up the trunk to make room for landscape maintenance if you’d like.
  • The lower branches are best left intact if you have children who will enjoy climbing the tree.

When & How to Prune Trees

 

Proper Watering Technique

ItemApprox Weight (lbs.)Approx Base Dimensions (diameter)Approx Height
#7 Grow Bag** 35-50 14-16" 5-8'
#10 Grow Bag** 55-70 18" 6-8'
#15 Grow Bag** 65-80 22" 6-10'
#20 Grow Bag** 75-100 24" 8-12'
1 1/4" B&B** 250-500 22" for single stems, 28" for multiple stems  8-11'
1 1/2" B&B** 325-600 24" for single stems, 30" for multiple stems  10-12'
2" B&B** 500-700 28" for single stems, 32" for multiple stems 10-14'
2 1/2" B&B** 600-1000 30" for single stems, 36" for multiple stems 10-15'
3" B&B** 850-1000 34"-36"  12-16'
3 1/2" B&B** 1000 36"  12-18'
10' B&B** 250 22"  10'
12' B&B** 325 24"  12'
14' B&B** 500 28" 14'
16' B&B** 600 30"  16'
2' B&B** 50 12-16"  2'
3' B&B** 60-250 16-22"  3'
4' B&B** 250 22-24" 4'
5' B&B** 325 22-24"  5'
6' B&B** 150-325 16-24" 6'
7' B&B** 500-700 28-32"  7'
8' B&B** 600-700 14-30"  8'
9' B&B** 700 32"  9'
#3 container* Less than 35  10" 10" 
#5 container** 40 11" 10.5" 
#7 container** 60 14" 12" 
#10 container** 80 14" 14 
#20 container** 160 19.5" 17" 
Bare Root* varies, but always lighter no soil on roots varies depending on item

*#1 - #3 containers and bare root are the only items that can be shipped FedEx and/or by our delivery trucks (see below for more information regarding pick-up and local delivery. 

**Any items over 100 Ibs., #5 - #20 containers or B&B can only be delivered by our trucks due to FedEx shipping weight and size restrictions. Our trusted trucks only deliver around a 100 miles radius from our corporate office in Waterloo, Wisconsin. Any item you order can be picked-up at our corporate office in Waterloo, Wisconsin or our new retail garden center Winterland Nursery for free (bare root orders cannot be picked up at Winterland due to lack of bare root coolers). See our estimated delivery schedule here

Growing Zones: 3-9

Bloom Time: February
Color: Blue, Green, Orange, Red
Plant Size: 20' tall x 10' wide
Flower Color: White (Female), Green (Male)
Fall Color: Orange-Red
Sunlight: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Soil Conditions: Normal, Sandy, Clay, Acidic, Wet, Dry
Low Maintenance: Yes
Deer Resistant: No
Attracts Butterflies: Yes
Attracts Bees: Yes
Attracts Birds: No
Edible: No
Native: Yes

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