Canadian Hemlock

Product Code: hemlo

Hemlock, Canadian (Tsuga canadensis)
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Details

Canadian Hemlock is an evergreen that's great for planting in shady places, but it does need protection from the wind. It likes the east side of a building and plenty of moisture, prefers acidic soil. A graceful tree with loose, open growth, slender and drooping branches. Hemlock can be sheared. Very fussy when transplanting. Be sure to maintain good moisture by mulching plants and water during periods of drought. This tree grows to be around 30-40' tall x 25-35' wide.

Planting & Care for Canadian Hemlock Trees

Preparation

  • Canadian Hemlock is an evergreen that's great for planting in shady places, but it does need protection from the wind.
  • It likes the east side of a building and plenty of moisture, prefers acidic soil.
  • A graceful tree with loose, open growth, slender and drooping branches.
  • Hemlock can be sheared.
  • Very fussy when transplanting.
  • Be sure to maintain good moisture by mulching plants and water during periods of drought.
  • This tree grows to be around 30' tall x 40' wide.
  • This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year.
  • Works well for screening, groupings and foundation plantings.
  • This hemlock provides excellent cover for deer and songbirds. Nesting site for several warblers. Seeds are eaten by juncos, chickadees, and siskins.

Opening Plant Material

  • Grow Bags - Remove bag by using a utility knife to slit up the side and peel off the fabric exposing the soil and roots. Plant the root ball just like you would a container plant. No trimming of roots is necessary for grow bags.
  • B&B - Soak root ball very well. Dig a hole at least 6" wider and no deeper than the size of the ball on the plant. Rotate the plant to the proper position. Never lift or move trees by the tops.

Planting Grow Bags

  • Plant grow bags in spring or fall.
  • Notice where the base of the trunk flairs out from the tree. This is called the root flair. This root flair should show when the tree is planted. If necessary, add soil under the ball so the root flair is exposed.
  • Place fertilizer packets into the bottom of the hole (if purchased). *Use Our Recommended Fertilizer.
  • Backfill the hole with soil, making sure the top of the root ball is visible and slightly higher than the soil around it.
  • Firm the soil around the plant. Water well to settle soil around the root ball.

Planting B&B trees

  • Plant B&B trees in spring or fall. A good indicator if you can still plant is if the ground is still workable you’re good to go. If a hard frost is expected be sure to hold off on planting.
  • Notice where the base of the trunk flairs out from the tree. This is called the root flair. This root flair should show when the tree is planted. If necessary, add soil under the ball so the root flair is exposed.
  • Place fertilizer packets into the bottom of the hole (if purchased). *Use Our Recommended Fertilizer
  • Backfill ½ of the hole with soil and completely saturate the soil with water.
  • Once the tree is straight and located as desired, cut and remove twine. Then, remove or bend back top ⅓ of metal basket. Lastly, remove exposed burlap from top of ball
  • Fill the hole to the top of the ball with soil, then soak well with water and let settle.
  • The top of the root ball should be visible and slightly higher than the soil around it.
  • Add mulch on top of soil making sure to not put mulch against the trunk or stems.
  • See our link below “Handling & Planting Guidelines” for illustrations on planting.

Pruning - After Planting

  • B&B & Grow Bags - Although it is not essential for B&B or grow bags to be pruned after planting, a light pruning for shape, to remove any broken branches from shipping, or to thin out a heavily branched plant will help in the transplanting process and in the appearance of your new planting.

Pruning - Through-out the Season

  • If you find that you need to prune your hemlock tree, the best time for trimming hemlocks is in either spring or early summer.
  • Clean and sharp pruning tools will help to prevent disease. The next step in trimming hemlock branches is to select which branches need to be removed. Select the branches before you start trimming so that you do not over prune the tree accidentally. Then make your pruning cuts just above the needle whorls.

Watering - After Planting

  • Plants typically take approximately 6 weeks to establish new roots in your soil. During this period, water plants as often as every 2-4 days at the start and at least a minimum of once per week.
  • Beyond the 6 week establishment period, water once per week, unless rains occur.
  • Stick your finger into the soil around 3” to check soil moisture.

Watering - Through-out the Season

  • After the first season, plants should only be watered during extended periods without rain.
  • How do you know if your plants need water? The easiest way to tell is to touch the soil around the roots. If it is moist, there is no need to water. If it is dry, give it a good soaking with the hose end (no nozzle) watering the soil only, not the leaves.
  • Stick your finger into the soil around 3” to check soil moisture.

 

Go to our "Plant Features & Video Tab" for more information & tips on caring and maintaining this plant.

Handling & Planting Guidelines

Special Features & Videos for Canadian Hemlock’s

Special Plant Features & Tips

  • Canadian Hemlock is an evergreen that's great for planting in shady places, but it does need protection from the wind.
  • It likes the east side of a building and plenty of moisture, prefers acidic soil.
  • A graceful tree with loose, open growth, slender and drooping branches.
  • Hemlock can be sheared.
  • Very fussy when transplanting.
  • Be sure to maintain good moisture by mulching plants and water during periods of drought.
  • This tree grows to be around 30' tall x 40' wide.
  • This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year.
  • Works well for screening, groupings and foundation plantings.
  • This hemlock provides excellent cover for deer and songbirds. Nesting site for several warblers. Seeds are eaten by juncos, chickadees, and siskins.
  • If you find that you need to prune your hemlock tree, the best time for trimming hemlocks is in either spring or early summer.
  • Clean and sharp pruning tools will help to prevent disease. The next step in trimming hemlock branches is to select which branches need to be removed. Select the branches before you start trimming so that you do not over prune the tree accidentally. Then make your pruning cuts just above the needle whorls.

How to plant containers or grow bags

 

ItemApprox Weight (lbs.)Approx Base Dimensions (diameter)Approx Height
#7 Grow Bag** 35-50 14-16" 5-8'
#10 Grow Bag** 55-70 18" 6-8'
#15 Grow Bag** 65-80 22" 6-10'
#20 Grow Bag** 75-100 24" 8-12'
1 1/4" B&B** 250-500 22" for single stems, 28" for multiple stems  8-11'
1 1/2" B&B** 325-600 24" for single stems, 30" for multiple stems  10-12'
2" B&B** 500-700 28" for single stems, 32" for multiple stems 10-14'
2 1/2" B&B** 600-1000 30" for single stems, 36" for multiple stems 10-15'
3" B&B** 850-1000 34"-36"  12-16'
3 1/2" B&B** 1000 36"  12-18'
10' B&B** 250 22"  10'
12' B&B** 325 24"  12'
14' B&B** 500 28" 14'
16' B&B** 600 30"  16'
2' B&B** 50 12-16"  2'
3' B&B** 60-250 16-22"  3'
4' B&B** 250 22-24" 4'
5' B&B** 325 22-24"  5'
6' B&B** 150-325 16-24" 6'
7' B&B** 500-700 28-32"  7'
8' B&B** 600-700 14-30"  8'
9' B&B** 700 32"  9'
#3 container* Less than 35  10" 10" 
#5 container** 40 11" 10.5" 
#7 container** 60 14" 12" 
#10 container** 80 14" 14 
#20 container** 160 19.5" 17" 
Bare Root* varies, but always lighter no soil on roots varies depending on item

*#1 - #3 containers and bare root are the only items that can be shipped FedEx and/or by our delivery trucks (see below for more information regarding pick-up and local delivery. 

**Any items over 100 Ibs., #5 - #20 containers or B&B can only be delivered by our trucks due to FedEx shipping weight and size restrictions. Our trusted trucks only deliver around a 100 miles radius from our corporate office in Waterloo, Wisconsin. Any item you order can be picked-up at our corporate office in Waterloo, Wisconsin or our new retail garden center Winterland Nursery for free (bare root orders cannot be picked up at Winterland due to lack of bare root coolers). See our estimated delivery schedule here

Growing Zones: 4-7

Color: Green
Plant Size: 30-40' tall x 25-35' wide
Sunlight: Full Sun to Full Shade
Soil Conditions: Normal, Sandy, Clay, Acidic, Wet
Low Maintenance: Yes
Deer Resistant: No
Attracts Butterflies: No
Attracts Bees: No
Attracts Birds: No
Edible: No
Native: Yes

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