Golden Elderberry

Product Code: egold

Elder Golden (Sambucus canadensis 'Aurea )
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Details

The Golden Elderberry is more of a yellow-leaved form of the common elderberry. The golden-yellow leaves contrast nicely with the greens of other shrubs in the landscape. This plant produces large flat, white flowers come summer (around June). This shrub also produces small black fruit. Be sure to remove the oldest stems to the ground or cut down each spring. Mature growth is around 6-8' tall and wide.

Planting & Care for Deciduous Shrub – Elderberry

Preparation

  • Grow in average, medium to wet, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade.
  • Spreads by root suckers to form colonies.
  • Prune out dead or weakened stems in early spring.
  • Fruit may be used to make preserves, jellies, pies and wine. Fruit is also attractive to wildlife.
  • It’s commonly planted in the masses, in naturalized areas where suckering spread is acceptable. This plant is also effective in shrub borders, roadside plantings, wet or low areas, as a screen or as part of a native plant garden.

Opening Plant Material

  • Bare Root - Cut open the bundle (top and roots are tied) and separate all the plants. Soak roots in buckets of water until planted. Each plant type will be labeled separately for identification. Do not expose the roots to sun. They should never dry out. Keep roots covered. All bare-root plants must be trimmed when planted. 

Planting Bare Root

  • Plant Bare root in fall. A good indicator if you can still plant is if the ground is still workable you’re good to go. If a hard frost is expected be sure to hold off on planting.
  • Dig a hole at least 6" wider and the same depth as the root mass. The crown or graft of the plant should be slightly higher than ground level where it was grown at the nursery.
  • Trim off the broken roots and branches.
  • Place fertilizer packets in hole (if purchased). Do not place other fertilizers in the planting hole. *Use Our Recommended Fertilizer.
  • Spread the roots and fill halfway with soil, then water until soil settles completely saturating the soil and planting pit.
  • Re-adjust plant and fill the hole with the rest of the soil.
  • Back fill the balance of the soil and water well. 
  • See our link below “Handling & Planting Guidelines” for illustrations on planting.   

Pruning - After Planting

  • Bare Root - Prune ALL bare root plants to reduce transplant shock and ensure success. Pruning should occur either before or as soon after planting as possible. All pruning should be done with a sharp pruning shears.

Pruning - Through-out the Season

  • Prune out dead or weakened stems in early spring.

Watering - After Planting

  • Plants typically take approximately 6 weeks to establish new roots in your soil. During this period, water plants as often as every 2-4 days at the start and at least a minimum of once per week.
  • Beyond the 6 week establishment period, water once per week, unless rains occur.
  • Stick your finger into the soil around 3” to check soil moisture.

Watering - Through-out the Season

  • After the first season, plants should only be watered during extended periods without rain.
  • How do you know if your plants need water? The easiest way to tell is to touch the soil around the roots. If it is moist, there is no need to water. If it is dry, give it a good soaking with the hose end (no nozzle) watering the soil only, not the leaves.
  • Stick your finger into the soil around 3” to check soil moisture.

 

Go to our "Plant Features & Video Tab" for more information & tips on caring and maintaining this plant.

Handling & Planting Guidelines

Special Features & Videos for Elderberry

Special Plant Features & Tips

  • The Golden Elderberry is more of a yellow-leaved form of the common elderberry.
  • The golden-yellow leaves contrast nicely with the greens of other shrubs in the landscape.
  • This plant produces large flat, white flowers come summer (around June).
  • This shrub also produces small black fruit.
  • Be sure to remove the oldest stems to the ground or cut down each spring.
  • Mature growth is around 6-8' tall and wide.
  • Grow in average, medium to wet, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade.
  • Spreads by root suckers to form colonies.
  • Prune out dead or weakened stems in early spring.
  • Fruit may be used to make preserves, jellies, pies and wine. Fruit is also attractive to wildlife.
  • It’s commonly planted in the masses, in naturalized areas where suckering spread is acceptable. This plant is also effective in shrub borders, roadside plantings, wet or low areas, as a screen or as part of a native plant garden.

Watch our Video on how to plant & care for a bare root plant

 

How do we dig our bare root plants?

 

What does a bare root plant look like?

Item Approx Weight (lbs.) Approx Base Dimensions Approx Height
#7 Grow Bag 35-50 14-16" 5-8'
#10 Grow Bag 55-70 18" 6-8'
#15 Grow Bag 65-80 22" 6-10'
#20 Grow Bag 75-100 24" 8-12'
1 1/4" B&B 250-500 22" Ball shade & ornamentals/28" ball-birch clumps & twins 8-11'
1 1/2" B&B 325-600 24" ball/30" ball birch clumps & twins 10-12'
2" B&B 500-700 28" ball/ 32" ball birch clumps & twins 10-14'
2 1/2" B&B 600-1000 30" ball/ 36" ball birch clumps & twins 10-15'
3" B&B 850-1000 34"-36" ball 12-16'
3 1/2" B&B 1000 36" ball 12-18'
10' B&B 250 22" ball 10'
12' B&B 325 24" ball 12'
14' B&B 500 28" ball 14'
16' B&B 600 30" ball 16'
2' B&B 50 14-16" hand dug 12" ball 2'
3' B&B 60-250 16-18" hand dug/crabapples 22" ball 3'
4' B&B 250 22" ball - some hand dug so sizes & weight will vary 4'
5' B&B 325 22-24" ball - some hand dug so sizes & weights will vary 5'
6' B&B 150-325 24" ball/birch clumps & twins & shade/ornamental 14-16" hand dug 6'
7' B&B 500-700 28" ball - 32" ball on spruce, pine & fir 7'
8' B&B 600-700 30-32" ball/birch clumps & twins & shade/ornamental 14-16" hand dug 8'
9' B&B 700 32" ball 9'
#3 CONTAINER Approx. top diameter 10"x approx. 10" tall Varies
#5 CONTAINER 40 Approx. top diameter 11"x approx. 10.5" tall Varies
#7 CONTAINER 60 Approx. top diameter 14" x approx. 12" tall Varies
#10 CONTAINER 80 Approx. top diameter 14" x approx. 14 tall Varies
#20 CONTAINER 160 Approx. top diameter 19.5" x approx. 17" tall Varies

Growing Zones: 4-9

Bloom Time: June
Color: Green, White, Yellow
Plant Size: 6-8' tall x 6-8' wide
Flower Color: White
Fall Color: Yellow
Fruit: Black
Sunlight: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Soil Conditions: Normal, Sandy, Clay, Acidic, Dry
Low Maintenance: Yes
Attracts Butterflies: Yes
Attracts Bees: Yes
Attracts Birds: Yes
Edible: No

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